座標系轉換參數

底下是一些座標系與轉換參數.

出處為 http://www.colorado.edu/geography/gcraft/notes/datum/edlist.html



橢球:

EllipsoidSemi-major axis 1/flattening
Airy 1830, 6377563.396 299.3249646
Modified Airy6377340.189 299.3249646
Australian National 6378160298.25
Bessel 1841 (Namibia) 6377483.865299.1528128
Bessel 18416377397.155 299.1528128
Clarke 1866,6378206.4 294.9786982
Clarke 1880,6378249.145 293.465
Everest (India 1830)" 6377276.345300.8017
Everest (Sabah Sarawak) 6377298.556300.8017
Everest (India 1956)6377301.243300.8017
Everest (Malaysia 1969) 6377295.664300.8017
Everest (Malay. & Sing) 6377304.063300.8017
Everest (Pakistan)6377309.613300.8017
Modified Fischer 19606378155298.3
Helmert 19066378200 298.3
Hough 19606378270 297
Indonesian 19746378160 298.247
International 19246378388297
Krassovsky 19406378245 298.3
GRS 806378137 298.257222101
South American 19696378160298.25
WGS 726378135 298.26
WGS 846378137 298.257223563

座標系與參數(3 parameters):

d = delta in meters; e = error estimate in meters; #S = number of satellite measurement stations

Datum Ellipsoid dXdYdZ Region of use eX eYeZ #S
AdindanClarke 1880-118 -14218Burkina Faso 2525251
AdindanClarke 1880-134 -2210Cameroon 2525251
AdindanClarke 1880-165 -11206Ethiopia 3338
AdindanClarke 1880-123 -20220Mali 2525251
AdindanClarke 1880-166 -15204MEAN FOR Ethiopia; Sudan 55322
AdindanClarke 1880-128 -18224Senegal 2525252
AdindanClarke 1880-161 -14205Sudan 35314
AfgooyeKrassovsky 1940-43-16345Somalia2525251
Ain el Abd 1970International 1924 -150-250-1 Bahrain2525 252
Ain el Abd 1970International 1924 -143-2367 Saudi Arabia1010 109
American Samoa 1962Clarke 1866 -115118426 American Samoa Islands2525252
Anna 1 Astro 1965Australian National -491-22435 Cocos Islands2525 251
Antigua Island Astro 1943Clarke 1880 -2701362 Antigua (Leeward Islands)25 25251
Arc 1950Clarke 1880-138-105-289 Botswana35 39
Arc 1950Clarke 1880-153-5-292Burundi2020203
Arc 1950Clarke 1880-125-108-295 Lesotho33 85
Arc 1950Clarke 1880-161-73-317 Malawi924 86
Arc 1950Clarke 1880-143-90-294 MEAN FOR Botswana; Lesotho; Malawi; Swaziland; Zaire; Zambia; Zimbabwe 20332041
Arc 1950Clarke 1880-134-105-295 Swaziland1515 154
Arc 1950Clarke 1880-169-19-278 Zaire2525 252
Arc 1950Clarke 1880-147-74-283 Zambia2121 275
Arc 1950Clarke 1880-142-96-293 Zimbabwe58 1110
Arc 1960Clarke 1880-160-6-302MEAN FOR Kenya; Tanzania20202025
Arc 1960Clarke 1880-157-2-299Kenya43324
Arc 1960Clarke 1880-175-23-303 Taanzania69 1012
Ascension Island 1958International 1924 -20510753 Ascension Island2525 252
Astro Beacon E 1945International 1924 14575-272 Iwo Jima2525 251
Astro DOS 71/4International 1924 -320550-494 St Helena Island2525 251
Astro Tern Island (FRIG) 1961International 1924 114-116-333 Tern Island2525 251
Astronomical Station 1952International 1924 124-234-25 Marcus Island2525 251
Australian Geodetic 1966Australian National -133-48148 Australia; Tasmania333105
Australian Geodetic 1984Australian National -134-48149 Australia; Tasmania22290
Ayabelle LighthouseClarke 1880 -79-129145 Djibouti2525 251
Bellevue (IGN)International 1924 -127-769472 Efate & Erromango Islands20 20203
Bermuda 1957Clarke 1866-73213296Bermuda2020203
BissauInternational 1924 -17325327 Guinea-Bissau2525 252
Bogota ObservatoryInternational 1924 307304-318 Colombia65 67
Bukit RimpahBessel 1841-384664-48Indonesia (Bangka & Belitung Ids)-1 -1-10
Camp Area AstroInternational 1924 -104-129239 Antarctica (McMurdo Camp Area)-1 -1-10
Campo InchauspeInternational 1924 -14813690 Argentina55 520
Canton Astro 1966International 1924 298-304-375 Phoenix Islands1515 154
CapeClarke 1880-136 -108-292South Africa 3665
Cape CanaveralClarke 1866 -2151181 Bahamas; Florida33 319
CarthageClarke 1880-2636431Tunisia6985
Chatham Island Astro 1971International 1924 175-38113 New Zealand (Chatham Island)15 15154
Chua AstroInternational 1924 -134229-29 Paraguay69 56
Corrego AlegreInternational 1924 -206172-6 Brazil53 517
DabolaClarke 1880-83 37124Guinea 1515154
Deception IslandClarke 1880 26012-147 Deception Island; Antarctia20 20203
Djakarta (Batavia)Bessel 1841 -377681-50 Indonesia (Sumatra)3335
DOS 1968International 1924 230-199-752 New Georgia Islands (Gizo Island)25 25251
Easter Island 1967International 1924 211147111 Easter Island2525 251
Estonia; Coordinate System 1937Bessel 1841 374150588 Estonia23 319
European 1950International 1924 -104-101-140 Cyprus1515 154
European 1950International 1924 -130-117-151 Egypt68 814
European 1950International 1924 -86-96-120 England; Channel Islands; Scotland; Shetland Islands 33340
European 1950International 1924 -86-96-120 England; Ireland; Scotland; Shetland Islands 33347
European 1950International 1924 -87-95-120 Finland; Norway35 320
European 1950International 1924 -84-95-130 Greece2525 252
European 1950International 1924 -117-132-164 Iran912 1127
European 1950International 1924 -97-103-120 Italy (Sardinia)2525 252
European 1950International 1924 -97-88-135 Italy (Sicily)2020 203
European 1950International 1924 -107-88-149 Malta2525 251
European 1950International 1924 -87-98-121 MEAN FOR Austria; Belgium; Denmark; Finland; France; W Germany; Gibraltar; Greece; Italy; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Norway; Portugal; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland 38585
European 1950International 1924 -87-96-120 MEAN FOR Austria; Denmark; France; W Germany; Netherlands; Switzerland 33352
European 1950International 1924 -103-106-141 MEAN FOR Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Kuwait; Saudi Arabia; Syria -1-1-10
European 1950International 1924 -84-107-120 Portugal; Spain56 318
European 1950International 1924 -112-77-145 Tunisia2525 254
European 1979International 1924 -86-98-119 MEAN FOR Austria; Finland; Netherlands; Norway; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland 33322
Fort Thomas 1955Clarke 1880 -7215225 Nevis; St. Kitts (Leeward Islands)25 25252
Gan 1970International 1924 -133-32150 Republic of Maldives2525251
Geodetic Datum 1949International 1924 84-22209 New Zealand53 514
Graciosa Base SW 1948International 1924 -104167-38 Azores (Faial; Graciosa; Pico; Sao Jorge; Terceira) 3335
Guam 1963Clarke 1866-100-248259 Guam333 5
Gunung SegaraBessel 1841 -40368441 Indonesia (Kalimantan)-1-1-10
GUX 1 AstroInternational 1924 252-209-751 Guadalcanal Island2525251
Herat NorthInternational 1924 -333-222114 Afghanistan-1-1 -10
Hermannskogel DatumBessel 1841 (Namibia) 653-212449 Croatia -Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina -1 -1-1 0
Hjorsey 1955International 1924 -7346-86 Iceland33 66
Hong Kong 1963International 1924 -156-271-189 Hong Kong2525 252
Hu-Tzu-ShanInternational 1924 -637-549-203 Taiwan1515 154
IndianEverest (India 1830) 282726254 Bangladesh108 126
IndianEverest (India 1956) 295736257 India; Nepal1210 157
IndianEverest (Pakistan) 283682231 Pakistan-1-1 -10
Indian 1954Everest (India 1830) 217823299 Thailand156 1211
Indian 1960Everest (India 1830) 182915344 Vietnam (Con Son Island)25 25251
Indian 1960Everest (India 1830) 198881317 Vietnam (Near 16øN)25 25252
Indian 1975Everest (India 1830) 210814289 Thailand32 362
Indonesian 1974Indonesian 1974 -24-155 Indonesia2525 251
Ireland 1965Modified Airy 506-122611 Ireland33 37
ISTS 061 Astro 1968International 1924 -794119-298 South Georgia Islands2525251
ISTS 073 Astro 1969International 1924 208-435-229 Diego Garcia2525 252
Johnston Island 1961International 1924 189-79-202 Johnston Island2525 251
KandawalaEverest (India 1830) -9778786 Sri Lanka2020 203
Kerguelen Island 1949International 1924 145-187103 Kerguelen Island2525 251
Kertau 1948Everest (Malay. & Sing) -118515 West Malaysia & Singapore10 866
Kusaie Astro 1951International 1924 6471777-1124 Caroline Islands2525 251
Korean Geodetic SystemGRS 80 000South Korea22 212
L. C. 5 Astro 1961Clarke 1866 42124147 Cayman Brac Island2525251
LeigonClarke 1880-130 29364Ghana 2328
Liberia 1964Clarke 1880-904088Liberia1515154
LuzonClarke 1866-133 -77-51Philippines (Excluding Mindanao) 81196
LuzonClarke 1866-133 -79-72Philippines (Mindanao) 2525251
M'PoralokoClarke 1880-74-13042Gabon2525251
Mahe 1971Clarke 188041-220-134Mahe Island2525 251
MassawaBessel 1841639 40560Ethiopia (Eritrea) 2525251
MerchichClarke 18803114647Morocco5339
Midway Astro 1961International 1924 912-581227 Midway Islands2525 251
MinnaClarke 1880-81 -84115Cameroon 2525252
MinnaClarke 1880-92 -93122Nigeria 3656

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